In 2014, $225 billion of alcohol sales sold out in the U.S. The drinking group who made these sales possible comprises of the youngsters below 18 years old, and between 10 and 15 percent seniors in the county. Many people raise awareness for prevention programs for underage drinking, but who’s ready to discuss elderly alcoholism? Nearly 250,000 alcohol-related emergency room discharges are being observed annually. As the population of seniors increases this decade, so will the number of seniors’ alcoholism cases.
Signs Of Elderly Alcoholism
The signs of alcoholism come off differently for most seniors. However, unlike teens’ or young adults’ excessive drinking, it is easier to spot a senior addicted to alcohol. As we get older, our alcohol tolerance level reduces – the signs are, therefore, more pronounced in seniors than in young people. Again, the effects of alcohol on the body and mind of seniors can affect other areas of their lives. This, too, makes the signs more pronounced.
Nevertheless, addiction still comes in different forms for different individuals. Some seniors will get drunk and still function well in public– while others will have their social life completely damaged. The signs of alcoholism are physical and mental. They can even be social or spiritual.
Some common signs of alcoholism include:
- Bloodshot eyes
- Sudden weight loss or weight gain
- Social isolation
- Short-term memory loss
- Making excuses for the drinking habit
- Liver disease
- Kidney trouble
- Smelling of alcohol or strange body odor
Untreated Long-Term Alcoholism Risks:
Most seniors have a string of health issues that keep them on medication throughout the remaining part of their lives. Alcohol can have a negative effect on many medications, illnesses, and health concerns. If alcoholism goes on for many years, without treatment, the damages can become permanent. Heavy drinking can exacerbate most of these health issues, as discussed below.
Physical, Mental, Emotional Effects of Alcohol
Memory Loss: When drinking, an older person might lose their memory or blackout for a short while. With age, we get more sensitive to alcohol, and our tolerance levels drop significantly. While it may have taken you hours to feel the effects of alcohol, you start “blacking-out” only after a few drinks.
Mood Disorders: Depression and bipolar disorder are common and can be further triggered by heavy drinking for an extended period. However, a doctor has to determine if a senior suffered from a mood disorder before or after addiction before treatment commences. We often associate conditions like a dual diagnosis with mature adults or “at-risk” youth, but anyone, even elders, can experience co-occurring disorders with addiction.
Osteoporosis: Seniors’ bones become weak, and the joints are more vulnerable to injury and inflammation. Abusing alcohol and other substances can worsen these conditions by affecting the calcium levels in the body. Alcohol also interacts with hormones in the human body, messing up normal metabolic functions needed to sustain health. Hormones such as estrogen in women and testosterone in men are responsible for maintaining healthy bones by producing bone-supporting cells.
Risk Of Mixing Alcohol And Medications
Alcohol interacts with many prescription and over-the-counter medications. The interaction can be dangerous and might lead to death in some instances. Elderly alcoholism shows a significant struggle between meds and booze. Some of the medications that interact dangerously with alcohol include:
Aspirin – Interactions can cause liver damage and internal bleeding.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) – Combined with alcohol, this might result in liver and kidney problems over a long period of time.
Cold and Allergy Medication – Most of these medicines contain acetaminophen, which makes an addict drowsy more than the alcohol does.
Cough Syrup – Scientifically known as dextromethorphan, cough syrup causes drowsiness and difficulties in concentrating when mixed with alcohol. Codeine can depress the respiratory system, resulting in shallow breathing, delayed heart rate, or even death.
Sleeping Pills – Alcohol alone makes a person feel drowsy. Taking alcohol while on sleeping pills might confuse, impaired motor skills, diarrhea, and other exacerbated effects of alcohol.
Anxiety or Depression Medication – These medications make you more sensitive to alcohol, and interactions with them can result in liver damage.
High Blood Pressure
The American Heart Association shares that drinking for an extended period might increase your blood pressure. In seniors, having just two or three drinks can increase blood pressure and cause acute heart attacks, blurred vision, and sometimes stroke. Ultimately, heavy drinking in seniors can increase overall blood pressure even when they are not drinking. High blood pressure causes some adverse effects on the body, including:
- Kidney failure after the arteries in the kidney rupture and fail to filter blood.
- Heart attack and stroke after veins and arteries supplying the heart muscles are strained, damaged, or blocked.
- Decreased libido: In men, high blood pressure results in erectile dysfunction, while in women, hypertension results in reduced libido.
- Heart Failure: As the condition exacerbates, the heart works overtime to make sure blood flows through the entire body, which with time, can result in heart failure.
There are two main phases of liver disease – alcohol fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Alcohol fatty liver is prevalent in obese seniors and is the onset of liver disease. Cirrhosis affects up to 20 percent of alcoholics and can lead to jaundice, internal bleeding, ascites, and total liver damage. It can also contribute to certain types of cancer and can be fatal.
Diabetes is a medical condition in which your body is resistant to insulin, or the body doesn’t produce enough insulin. Heavy drinking at senior years can increase the body’s resistance to insulin; alcohol itself is resistant to insulin. Diabetes is characterized by fatigue and general body tiredness, frequent thirst and frequent urination, blurred vision, and cuts, and wounds take longer to heal.
When you take alcohol heavily, it makes your body less sensitive to insulin. This translates to more glucose in your bloodstream, which might result in damages in body organs.
Alcoholism Rate In Retirement & Nursing Homes
According to a study on alcoholism in aging, nearly 70 percent of seniors in assisted living facilities consume alcohol. Over a third of the population in these facilities drinks alcohol every day. Most senior homes are looking at the statistics and wondering whether or not they should serve alcohol. Some homes have since stopped serving alcohol completely; others serve it in moderation while some homes do not serve alcohol at all.
Is There Treatment For Elderly Alcoholism?
Anyone suffering from alcohol addiction can get treatment. Most elderly homes monitor alcoholic behavior and offer therapy to elderly alcoholics. Treating elderly alcoholism starts with identifying the problem. The individual or the doctor has to realize that the problem exists – afterward, the senior needs to accept there is a problem and commit to the type of treatment the doctor recommends.
No matter the stage of addiction, seniors need to realize that alcohol addiction, just like any other addiction, is an illness. Guided withdrawal from a doctor is recommended for seniors to avoid potentially fatal side effects of quitting suddenly. If you quit alcohol overnight, you might experience symptoms such as anxiety, raised blood pressure, insomnia, seizures, tremors, stomach issues, sweating, and severe confusion. As such, you need to wean off the drinking by gradually reducing the number of drinks you take every day.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
In A.A. meetings, you share your story with other recovering alcoholics and listen to stories of other alcoholics. You will also meet sponsors or mentors who are also recovering alcoholics and who help you tackle your emotions, fears, and temptations.
In server cases, rehab is ideal to help seniors stay off alcohol. During recovery, the senior goes through detoxification, management of withdrawal symptoms, individual and group therapy sessions, and one-on-one counseling. Both inpatient and outpatient rehab facilities can tailor treatment to suit your lifestyle.
Most seniors in assisted living homes go through therapy to manage to find the underlying causes of addiction and stop the addiction. A qualified therapist in the living facility takes the alcoholic through therapy.
What Type Of Medical Care Can Be Helpful to Elderly Alcoholics?
Alcoholics may need medication at two stages during recovery: detoxification and management of withdrawal symptoms. During detoxification, medicine aims at getting rid of all alcohol in the system for the alcoholic to start on a clean slate. However, quitting alcohol comes accompanied by a horde of withdrawal symptoms such as severe headache, confusion, and insomnia, among others. These symptoms need medication to manage.
Do They Need Special Caregivers?
While seniors can comfortably manage to live by themselves at home, help is needed when they are addicted to alcohol. As discussed above, alcohol exacerbates most elderly diseases and conditions, and an individual may not take care of themselves as they should. Health problems such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and heart disease are some of the issues that affect elders. These problems, coupled with alcoholism, leave the senior citizen in need of special caregivers.
With alcoholism, the health of a senior citizen might decline rapidly. They may not take care of their hygiene, nutrition, and other basic needs. Having special care can relieve them of these difficult duties so they can focus on getting sober from alcohol.
Is It Still Worth It To Help Seniors With Addictions?
So many complications arise with elderly alcoholism. When health conditions exacerbate, the happiness of seniors is at stake, and so is the happiness of primary caregivers. There are so many reasons why seniors need help tackling alcoholism! And it’s definitely still worth it to help treat our elders in society. They are people too, and they still need medical help.
Seniors need help overcoming alcohol addiction because:
- Reduced alcohol tolerance in elders which makes the effects of drinking more pronounced. Unlike the youth, elders experience great impairment from alcohol use, including memory loss, coordination problems, and increased risks of falls and accidents.
- Alcohol worsens medical conditions in seniors and can even cause new conditions. Some of the conditions aggravated by alcohol intake in seniors include diabetes, malnutrition, osteoporosis, and many more, according to West Virginia University, School of Public Health.
- Seniors should not mix alcohol and medication as the interactions between the two can lead to fatal side effects.
Unlike the young, seniors have additional risk factors that can lead them to alcohol and substance abuse. They might feel isolated after the death of a spouse, feel stressed due to medical conditions, feel lonely, and they still have to handle the stress of moving into a senior living home. With the above factors, it is worth to help seniors tackle their drinking problem. The above factors are also the reason some senior living facilities find it not worthy to serve drinks at all.
Addiction As A Family Disease – How To Get Help If Coming From A Family Of Alcoholics
Addiction affects everyone in the family. If your senior parent is addicted, you will suffer too as you have to monitor them closely, take care of the medication, and do much to ensure their safety and sanity.
Sometimes alcoholism and addiction can take place for generations in a family. There are two scenarios that children of addicts might find themselves in – perhaps they either loathe alcohol and substance abuse after seeing what it did to their parents, or they themselves take to alcoholism as a way to survive through issues in life.
When families are addicted to alcohol, it might be challenging to help a senior when other family members do not get help. Here, standard treatment methods include:
- Family counseling/therapy
- Support groups
- Making changes in the family for long term results
It is easy for people to feel hopeless when a whole family is under alcoholism. However, engaging in support groups, family therapy, and finally, finding the root cause of alcoholism will help manage alcoholism.
If you or a loved one needs help, call us at Opus Health.